By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a customary advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in past variations, key innovations akin to constituency, type and serve as are conscientiously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to aid the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.
In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new format, extra examples, clearer factors and summaries of significant issues. an incredible swap matters the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to convey it extra in response to present considering.
Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s obtainable kind, make this e-book appropriate for readers without past event of sentence research. a pragmatic and reader-friendly textual content, it contains many in-text routines and end-of-chapter routines, all with solutions, and extra workouts, making it appropriate for self-directed examine in addition to for taught classes.
Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University. he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised idea of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of diverse articles on numerous facets of linguistics and the English language.
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Extra info for Analysing Sentences
It is not a constituent of sentence , for example. 15 CHAPTER 1 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: CONSTITUENTS So: although old Sam is indeed a phrase, it’s not a phrase that actually figures in the structure of ! As I mentioned in the Introduction, in a quite literal sense there’s more to syntax, and to your own understanding of sentences, than meets the eye. Hierarchical sentence structure is really quite abstract. It is not there visibly on the page. It’s in your head. Your understanding of particular word-sequences is matter of how you structure them in your mind.
32] *Though he was who did regular press-ups? Out of the context of any particular sentence, old Sam is a phrase. It is a phrase of English because it can be a constituent of an English sentence. But that wordsequence is not a constituent of every sentence in which it appears. It is not a constituent of sentence , for example. 15 CHAPTER 1 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: CONSTITUENTS So: although old Sam is indeed a phrase, it’s not a phrase that actually figures in the structure of ! As I mentioned in the Introduction, in a quite literal sense there’s more to syntax, and to your own understanding of sentences, than meets the eye.
On this interpretation, since old forms a constituent with how, it simply cannot also form a constituent with Sam. It is on the second interpretation, [b], that old and Sam go together, forming a phrase. This example illustrates how deciding what phrases there are in the sentence is a crucial part of deciding what the sentence actually means. e. whether it is a phrase) – at least once they start thinking about it (as you are being encouraged to do here). It is usually simply a matter of deciding whether it seems to you to form a unit of sense.
Analysing Sentences by Noel Burton-Roberts