By Andrea Bieberstein
Concern approximately nutrition hazards is common. shoppers, although, are stumbled on to vary by way of how they overview those dangers. some of the most well-known findings during this regard is the diversities among men and women. Many reviews file that males are much less nervous approximately environmental and technological hazards than ladies, that's additionally the case for nutrition dangers. even as it's criticized that those variations are frequently exaggerated, similarities ignored, and systematic investigations are missing. Andrea Bieberstein supplies a finished assessment of theoretical methods to probability notion and empirical paintings that has been carried out within the box of possibility belief learn. additionally, she offers a scientific research of ways nutrition hazards are developed for girls and males by means of uncovering the meanings by way of institutions, emotions, and values that they connect to numerous nutrients hazards. this permits a deeper figuring out of the gender alterations in possibility belief by way of their relevance and meaning.
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Additional resources for An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks
Similar to education levels, income is often inversely related to levels of risk perception. The above-mentioned studies by Savage (1993) and Pilisuk and Acredolo (1988) found that poorer respondents indicated higher dread or concern about the investigated risks. Also, concern about pollution was especially strong among poor respondents even after controlling for levels of pollution of respondents’ communities (Cutter, 1981). , 1996 as cited in Bøholm, 1998). With regard to food hazards, this pattern is not that evident.
Younger respondents were less concerned about the risks of growth hormones, salmonella and residues in food (Kirk et al. 2002) and rated the risks of pesticides as lower (Dosman, Adamowicz and Hrudey, 2001; Ott and Maligaya, 1989). , 2007). In contrast, in the study by Nayga (1996) older respondents were more likely than younger respondents to perceive meat from animals that have been treated with antibiotics and food that was produced by using pesticides to be safe. Interestingly, Grobe, Douthitt and Zepeda (1999) in their study about consumers’ assessments of recombinant bovine growth hormone found a non-linear relationship between age and risk perception: Consumers’ concern increased with age up to a certain point and then decreased.
1978), where respondents were asked to estimate the frequencies of 40 lethal incidents. 000 people annually die from electrocution. They found that estimates of the first group were much higher for many hazards due to an anchoring effect. 38 Psychometric paradigm The psychometric paradigm is the most influential approach in cognitive risk research that investigates factors determining risk perception. According to the psychometric paradigm, risk is an inherently subjective construct and risk perception is the subjectively defined severity of a risk and its characteristics.
An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks by Andrea Bieberstein