By Jessica Wang
No specialist crew within the usa benefited extra from global conflict II than the medical group. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists loved unparalleled public visibility and political impact as a brand new elite whose services now appeared severe to America's destiny. yet because the usa grew devoted to chilly struggle clash with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism got here to dominate American politics, scientists confronted an more and more lively routine of protection and loyalty clearances in addition to the specter of intrusive investigations by means of the infamous residence Committee on Un-American actions and different executive bodies.
This ebook is the 1st significant examine of yankee scientists' encounters with chilly struggle anticommunism within the decade after global struggle II. through interpreting instances of person scientists subjected to loyalty and safety investigations, the organizational reaction of the medical group to political assaults, and the relationships among chilly conflict ideology and postwar technology coverage, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling results of anticommunist ideology at the politics of technological know-how. She exposes the deep divisions over the chilly conflict in the clinical neighborhood and offers a fancy tale of challenging offerings, a neighborhood in quandary, and roads now not taken.
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Additional info for American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War
Bush did not reject changes in the patent system per se. He even shared some of Kilgore’s concerns, but he thought that Kilgore’s widespread dedication of patent rights to the public went too far and would stifle incentives for innovation. More significant, he insisted that patent reform should be the province of a separate congressional committee and did not belong in the nsf legislation. Likewise, he felt the social sciences properly belonged in their own agency, not in a foundation dedicated to the natural sciences.
Security policy had been a major source of contention between scientists and the army during the war, and for many scientists, scientific freedom and the need to minimize external controls on research more than justified opposition to the bill. The atomic scientists objected to May-Johnson for reasons beyond pure self-interest and a desire for scientific autonomy, however. They opposed the bill’s exclusive emphasis on military applications of atomic energy, and they felt the secrecy regulations left little room for information exchange between nations, international cooperation on peaceful uses of atomic energy, and the development of international control schemes.
702, the Science Mobilization bill. The new bill set forth the issues that would define later clashes over the political economy of postwar science. It called for the creation of a permanent Office of Scientific and Technological Mobilization that would study and coordinate federal research activities. Reflecting Kilgore’s populist suspicion of large-business interests, the bill proposed federal sponsorship of fellowships for science education in order to forestall universities’ dependence on industry, and it mandated public ownership of patents derived from publicly funded research in order to maximize freedom in research and protect the public from corporate monopolies maintained through patent pools.
American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War by Jessica Wang