By Jan Wohlgemuth
The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic examine on personal loan verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic features of mortgage verb lodging, investigating claims that verbs usually are tougher to borrow than different elements of speech, or that verbs couldn't be borrowed as verbs and wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.
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Extra resources for A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
Ex. (2). Yet another way of handling a borrowed verb is to enter it as an non-inflecting part into a complex predicate, where the borrowed verb is joined by a native verb which takes all the inflection, cf. ex. (3). (1) Mapudungun [arn] < Spanish [spa] (Fernández-Garay 2005: 55 ex. ’ < [spa] operar ‘to operate’5 (2) Udihe [ude] < Russian [rus] (Nikolaeva and Tolskaya 2001: 22 ex. ) Background: The study of borrowing 7 These three examples are typical representatives of the three major strategies of loan verb accommodation that account for the bulk of loan verb accommodation techniques in the languages of the world.
That list has partly been inspired by an enumeration of factors governing language contact given in Boretzky and Igla (1994: 119) and the scale of language contact intensity by Thomason and Kaufman (1988: 74–76), which is given in fig. 8 on page 257. Although I always tried to assign every new example I got to at least one of the already existing situation types and allowed multiple values to be true for any given example, the list eventually grew over the course of the study. This resulted in the following selection of general language contact scenarios listed in tab.
By Stene (1945: 152–153), Thomason and Kaufman (1988: 348) who explicitly refer to Meillet (1921: 82), and Moravcsik (1975, 1978: 111– 112, 2003) as factors relevant to the way in which verbs can or cannot be borrowed. The typological and grammatical features of both the donor language and the recipient language are thus important information that needs to be available. However, one cannot determine in advance which typological features will actually turn out to be relevant, either for any given example involving a particular pair of languages or for the study as a whole.
A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs) by Jan Wohlgemuth